Urinary system by admin_massage2 | Dec 17, 2021 | 0 comments Welcome to your Urinary system 1. How does blood enter the kidneys? Deselect Answer Efferent arterioles Arteries Capillaries Afferent arterioles 2. Which of the following does not enter the kidney at the hilium? Deselect Answer Nerves Lymphatic vessels Urethra Blood vessels 3. What is kidney tissue made of? Deselect Answer Fibrous tissue Elastic tissue Nephrons Nerves and vessels 4. Which one of the following is not a function of the kidney? Deselect Answer Filtration of blood Formation of urine Reabsorption of useful materials Absorption of water 5. What is the function of the ureters? Deselect Answer To take urine from the kidneys to the bladder To store urine To pass urine from the bladder to the outside of the body To collect urine from the urethra and pass it into the bladder 6. How much urine is produced everyday? Deselect Answer 1.5 litres 2 litres 5 litres 2.5 litres 7. What is the composition of urine? Deselect Answer 98% water, 2% urea 96% water, 1% urea and 3% other substances 96% water, 3% urea, 1% other substances 96% water, 2% urea, 2% other substances 8. What is the structure of the bladder? Deselect Answer A bean shaped organ A funnel shaped organ A funnel shaped cavity A sac like organ 9. Afferent arterioles join to form? Deselect Answer Glomerular capsule Distal convoluted tubule Loop of henle Glomerulus 10. The loop of henle is an extension of? Deselect Answer Proximal convoluted tubules Bowman's capsule Nephrons Distal convoluted tubules 11. What is the function of the bowman's capsule? Deselect Answer To carry waste products from the glomerulus to the loop of henle Absorption of waste products Acts as a collection point for waste products Helps with the filtration of blood in the kidneys 12. What is the function of the pelvis? Deselect Answer To filter the blood To collect waste To collect urine from the ureter and pass it into the urethra To collect urine in the medulla and pass it into the ureter 13. Where is the bladder located? Deselect Answer Inside the kidney Outside the kidney Above the kidney In the pelvic cavity 14. What part of the nervous system controls the external sphincter of the urethra? Deselect Answer Sympathetic nervous system Peripheral nervous system Autonomic nervous system Central nervous system 15. What is the relationship between the endocrine and urinary systems? Deselect Answer Mineralocorticoids helps with reabsorption in the medulla Blood pressure is regulated by the production of renin in the kidneys The kidneys help to stimulate the production of mineralocorticoids which helps urine filtration The urinary system removes by by excretion enabling vasoconstriction of the blood vessels 16. Where is the medulla located? Deselect Answer On the inside of the kidney On the inside of the renal pelvis On the outside of the renal pelvis On the outside of the kidney 17. The cortex is located? Deselect Answer On the inside of the kidney On the outside of the kidney Pelvis Gall bladder 18. What is the relationship between the urinary system and skeletal system? Deselect Answer The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in long bones The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in sesamoid bones The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in flat bones The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in short bones 19. What is the function of the urethra? Deselect Answer To pass urine from the bladder to the ureter To filter waste To store urine To take urine from inside the body to outside the body 20. What is the renal pelvis? Deselect Answer A funnel shaped cavity A bean shaped organ A sac like organ A network of vessels 21. What are the functions of nephrons? Deselect Answer Absorption and excretion Filtration and excretion Removal of waste and heat Heat and filtration 22. The hilium is a term for? Deselect Answer The entrance of the kidney The inside of the kidney The membrane surrounding the kidney The concave centre of the kidney 23. Urine passes from the bladder to? Deselect Answer Renal pelvis Gall bladder Ureters Urethra 24. Filtered substances are passed from the bowman's capsule to? Deselect Answer Cortex Convoluted tubules Glomerular capsule Efferent arterioles 25. What is the relationship between the urinary and circulatory systems? Deselect Answer Erythrocytes in the blood help with the filtration of urine in the kidneys The kidneys purify all the blood in the body Reabsorption of oxygen and nutrients from the blood takes place in the kidneys The chemical catalysts in the blood helps with the filtration of urine in the kidneys 26. What is the function of the bladder? Deselect Answer To collect urine from the ureter and pass it into the urethra To reabsorb water To pass urine into the urether A reservoir for urine 27. Nephritis is a term which describes? Deselect Answer Inflammation of the bladder Inflammation of the kidney Inflammation of the pelvis Inflammation of the gall bladder 28. The tubes which connect the kidneys to the bladder are? Deselect Answer Renal pelvis Ureters Urethra Hilium 29. Inflammation of the bladder is known as? Deselect Answer Cystitis Pleurisy Nephritis Kidney stones 30. How long is the kidney? Deselect Answer 11cm 11.5cm 10cm 7.5cm Time is Up! Time's up Submit a Comment Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.