Urinary system by admin_massage2 | Dec 17, 2021 | 0 comments Welcome to your Urinary system 1. What part of the nervous system controls the external sphincter of the urethra? Deselect Answer Autonomic nervous system Peripheral nervous system Central nervous system Sympathetic nervous system 2. What are the functions of nephrons? Deselect Answer Filtration and excretion Absorption and excretion Heat and filtration Removal of waste and heat 3. What is the function of the ureters? Deselect Answer To pass urine from the bladder to the outside of the body To store urine To collect urine from the urethra and pass it into the bladder To take urine from the kidneys to the bladder 4. What is the renal pelvis? Deselect Answer A network of vessels A bean shaped organ A funnel shaped cavity A sac like organ 5. What is the relationship between the urinary and circulatory systems? Deselect Answer The kidneys purify all the blood in the body Erythrocytes in the blood help with the filtration of urine in the kidneys The chemical catalysts in the blood helps with the filtration of urine in the kidneys Reabsorption of oxygen and nutrients from the blood takes place in the kidneys 6. What is the relationship between the urinary system and skeletal system? Deselect Answer The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in sesamoid bones The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in long bones The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in flat bones The kidneys help to stimulate the production of bone marrow in short bones 7. How long is the kidney? Deselect Answer 11.5cm 7.5cm 10cm 11cm 8. Filtered substances are passed from the bowman's capsule to? Deselect Answer Glomerular capsule Cortex Efferent arterioles Convoluted tubules 9. What is the function of the bladder? Deselect Answer To collect urine from the ureter and pass it into the urethra To pass urine into the urether A reservoir for urine To reabsorb water 10. Which of the following does not enter the kidney at the hilium? Deselect Answer Urethra Lymphatic vessels Nerves Blood vessels 11. Which one of the following is not a function of the kidney? Deselect Answer Filtration of blood Formation of urine Absorption of water Reabsorption of useful materials 12. What is the relationship between the endocrine and urinary systems? Deselect Answer Mineralocorticoids helps with reabsorption in the medulla Blood pressure is regulated by the production of renin in the kidneys The urinary system removes by by excretion enabling vasoconstriction of the blood vessels The kidneys help to stimulate the production of mineralocorticoids which helps urine filtration 13. The tubes which connect the kidneys to the bladder are? Deselect Answer Ureters Hilium Urethra Renal pelvis 14. What is kidney tissue made of? Deselect Answer Fibrous tissue Elastic tissue Nephrons Nerves and vessels 15. Afferent arterioles join to form? Deselect Answer Distal convoluted tubule Glomerulus Glomerular capsule Loop of henle 16. What is the composition of urine? Deselect Answer 96% water, 3% urea, 1% other substances 96% water, 2% urea, 2% other substances 96% water, 1% urea and 3% other substances 98% water, 2% urea 17. What is the structure of the bladder? Deselect Answer A bean shaped organ A funnel shaped cavity A sac like organ A funnel shaped organ 18. The loop of henle is an extension of? Deselect Answer Proximal convoluted tubules Distal convoluted tubules Bowman's capsule Nephrons 19. What is the function of the urethra? Deselect Answer To pass urine from the bladder to the ureter To take urine from inside the body to outside the body To filter waste To store urine 20. Nephritis is a term which describes? Deselect Answer Inflammation of the pelvis Inflammation of the kidney Inflammation of the bladder Inflammation of the gall bladder 21. Urine passes from the bladder to? Deselect Answer Ureters Renal pelvis Urethra Gall bladder 22. How does blood enter the kidneys? Deselect Answer Efferent arterioles Arteries Afferent arterioles Capillaries 23. The hilium is a term for? Deselect Answer The entrance of the kidney The membrane surrounding the kidney The concave centre of the kidney The inside of the kidney 24. What is the function of the bowman's capsule? Deselect Answer Helps with the filtration of blood in the kidneys Acts as a collection point for waste products To carry waste products from the glomerulus to the loop of henle Absorption of waste products 25. Where is the medulla located? Deselect Answer On the outside of the renal pelvis On the inside of the kidney On the inside of the renal pelvis On the outside of the kidney 26. Inflammation of the bladder is known as? Deselect Answer Cystitis Kidney stones Pleurisy Nephritis 27. The cortex is located? Deselect Answer On the inside of the kidney On the outside of the kidney Gall bladder Pelvis 28. What is the function of the pelvis? Deselect Answer To collect urine from the ureter and pass it into the urethra To collect waste To filter the blood To collect urine in the medulla and pass it into the ureter 29. How much urine is produced everyday? Deselect Answer 2.5 litres 2 litres 5 litres 1.5 litres 30. Where is the bladder located? Deselect Answer In the pelvic cavity Inside the kidney Outside the kidney Above the kidney Time is Up! Time's up Submit a Comment Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.